LITACA

Introduction

Livelihood Improvement in Tajik-Afghan Cross border Areas (LITACA)

The project Livelihood Improvement in Tajik—Afghan Cross Border Areas (LITACA) is the first socio-economic development project between the Government of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Tajikistan executed by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) —Tajikistan Office in Tajik side and the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD) of the Government of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan in Afghan side. The project is funded by the Government of Japan through the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). The duration of the project is from (March 2014 to September 2017) and covers three districts of Hazrat Imam Saheb in Kunduz province and Dasht-e-Qala & Yang-e-Qala districts in Takhar province in Afghan side. 

The project LITACA aims to improve livelihood and promote stability and security in the bordering provinces of Tajikistan and Afghanistan. This will be achieved by reducing poverty, supporting economic development and cross-border collaboration among the communities along the Tajik-Afghan border. More than 152,976 people will directly benefit from LITACA project while the livelihoods of more than 1,123,000 people living in target bordering communities will be strengthened. The project will offer capacity development opportunities for the local governments, civil society and private sector organizations to sustainably manage local socio-economic development. As well, the project will offer investments for rehabilitating priority infrastructure initiatives and business development as a means of improving livelihoods of the target population

Project Objectives and Main activities

1.      Rural communities on both sides of the border with the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and Republic of Tajikistan would be benefited of good governance, Access to rural infrastructure and economic development services.
2.      Rural communities on both sides of the border having better opportunities for exchanging of views and cooperation’s.
3.      Poverty reduction, economic development and cooperation between communities located in both sides of the border.
4.      Create jobs and increase legitimate income of residents in both sides of the border

5.      Value addition to local resources and products based on competitive advantage in village level for potential changes in socio-economic process e.g. changing traditional agriculture to update agribusiness and diversifying rural women handicraft.

6.      Implementing one village one product (OVOP) economic method as a comprehensive manner to strengthening value chains of valuable local products and enable the community for business and trade.
7.      Establishment local market infrastructure facilities for rural business women and formers.
8.      Enhancing capacity of local government representatives and district development assembly members to manage local development processes;


Achievements to date

1.      Rehabilitation and construction of 32 rural infrastructures.

2.      Piloting one village one product (OVOP) in Tajikistan and Afghanistan.

3.      Strengthening local economy through provision of capacity development courses under Our Village Our Pride (OVOP) process to 131 person from which 40% were rural women in Business Development, Principles of Business Management and several courses of Value Chain, literacy, design and diversification of handicraft products, packaging and branding conducted successfully in last 1.5 year

4.      Increasing income  and  creating employment opportunities for  sustainable rural economic development through implementation of women economic empowerment projects and conduction of technical training courses for 131 representatives of private sector

5.      Construction of OVOP sales centers in the center of Takhar, Taloqan city and OVOP complex comprising of OVOP sales center, cold storage equipped with solar system, packaging center, vocation training center for women and farmers market in Yangi Qala district of Takhar province.

6.      Conduction handicraft  and agriculture products business exhibitions inside the country and Tajikistan from which 300 person benefited (150 from each side of border)

7.      Construction of common border market from which 100 person from each side of border will be benefited

Once village one product (Our Village Our Pride)

The OVOP movement as a comprehensive development approach with a view to increase income for rural communities through increasing value to local products, development of human resources , products marketing and other services to increase products value. Introduced by Japan International Cooperation Agency and for the first time implemented in Afghanistan by LITACA project. The Strategy for this process is to enhance production, processing and marketing of local products to create opportunities for local investments.

 

Strategic objectives of the OVOP

The overall objective of the programme is to promote the production, processing and marketing of local products for wealth creation. The specific objectives are to:

 

1.      Promote establishment of production networks/clusters within the country. 
 
2.      Promote value addition to local materials and products of comparative advantage at community level for social economic transformation 
3.      Develop human capital and entrepreneurial capacities amongst the participating communities.
4.      Strengthen partnerships and linkages between Government, private sector and the donor community, cross border countries.
5.      Create and strengthen market clusters for OVOP products

 

 

OVOP PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION AS AN INTEGRATED COMMUNITY ACTIVATION PROGRAM THROUGH BUSINESS

The implementation of OVOP program is designed to stimulate local communities through development of model enterprises that competitively and sustainably produce quality products and services. The program implementation is not only limited to processing of raw materials but also provision of unique services.

 

               Human resource development is central to the success of OVOP program implementation through activation of rural communities. The local people are the subject for the success of OVOP movement and they should be supported by the local leadership and community based organisations in implementing their activities. The supported enterprises must fully own their businesses and market their products/services while the government provides technical support for capacity development, product quality improvement and establishment of market linkages.

 

THE THREE KEY CONCEPTS GUIDING IMPLEMENTATION OF OVOP PROGRAM

1.      Thinking Globally and Acting Locally
2.       Human Capacity Development
3.      Self-Reliance and Creativity

 

To develop a self-sufficient community free from long term dependency to external supports, a dynamic mechanism was needed to utilize the potential local resources. To address this development challenge, LITICA implements One Village One Product (OVOP) in Afghanistan. As mentioned above OVOP concept has been successful in many different countries and is known as a tool for rural development, in which the people are made aware of the existence of resources and their potential as business opportunities

 

               To implement OVOP in Yang-e-Qala district, two products, a type of pear called Nashpati and handmade carpet (Gilim) were selected for promotion. To promote these products, eight villages selected by district authorities and DDA members were studied further to plant Nashpati pears by conducting a survey, filled out by the gardeners individually. The OVOP team observed the climate conditions, soil type, land availability, natural disasters, agricultural pests & diseases, agricultural operations (grafting, tree link, control of weeds), use of pesticides for agricultural pests/diseases and use of fertilizers. Plus another ten villages were chosen to be further studied for weaving carpets (Gilim).