Rural Water Supply, Sanitation & Irrigation Programme (Ru-WatSIP) - Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development

Rural Water Supply, Sanitation & Irrigation Programme (Ru-WatSIP)

National Rural Water Supply, Sanitation Irrigation Programme (Ru-WatSIP)

Eng. Qadir
   Executive Director





A message from Executive Director

Access to safe water and sanitation is a basic human right. The national Ru-WatSIP’s vision is rooted in the belief that access to safe drinking water and sanitation for the households and communities of rural Afghanistan will help alleviate poverty through improved health, productivity and income generation activities.

“Unless the current state of accessibility to safe drinking water and appropriate sanitation facilities is significantly improved in rural Afghanistan, the disenfranchised, the weak, the elderly and the infants of this country will never be safe.”

Eng. Ghulam Qader Executive Director

About Ru-WatSIP

National Rural Water Supply, Sanitation & Irrigation Program



The National Rural Water Supply, Sanitation and Irrigation Programme (Ru-WatSIP) is one of the six closely interlinked National Development Programmes of Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD) in Afghanistan. In line with Afghanistan National Rural Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Policy, the responsibilities of this programme includes policy and strategy formulation, planning, coordination and implementation of rural water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion activities undertaken by private sectors, NGOs and the rural communities namely Community Development Councils (CDCs) and District Development Assemblies (DDAs).


Improvement in the quality of life of Afghans through improved access to safe and sustainable water supplies and sanitation services and the adoption of hygienic best practices at the personal, household and community levels, resulting in (i) reduced morbidity and mortality rates (particularly for children under five years of age) and (ii) enhanced productivity and well-being.


The main objectives of the program are:

• Improve access of the rural populations to 25 litres per capita per day (LPCD), from 27% to 50% of

that goal in 2014, and 70% to 100% of that goal in 2016 and 2020 respectively, and to improve the

potable quality of drinking water based on World Health Organization (WHO) standards

• Make all villages/rural communities in the country 100% free and fully sanitized (universal,

sustainable coverage in water and sanitation) by 2020; reaching 50% and 70% of that goal

by 2014 and 2016, respectively, by empowering communities to:

► Improve existing traditional latrines to become safe, hygienic and ensure user privacy;

► Make new latrines as models of safe sanitation in households, schools and clinics;

► Undertake the safe disposal of solid and liquid wastes

• Provide hygiene education with appropriate, ongoing activities in schools, households and

communities for sustained behavior change and adoption of safe hygiene practices

The participation of people from all levels as crucial for achieving the targets of Ru-WatSIP. Therefore,

Ru-WatSIP places special emphasis on the female population.

Main achievements of Ru-WatSIP since 2003 are:

Construction of water points/sources

More than 26,765 water wells fitted with hand pumps, 195 pipe schemes for water networks (benefiting 4,408,371 people)

Survey and design of water supply schemes from simple bore wells up to complex pipe scheme projects

Sanitation facilities and hygiene education:

• Around 28,758 latrines have been constructed which is benefiting 578,812 people and


• Hygiene education covered over 3.6 million people

Construction of Water Points

• 19,889 shallow wells and 23 deep wells

• 1,736 water reservoirs

• 195 water supply networks and 19,889 hand-pumps

Specialized training on water & sanitation:

• In 2013, a total of 344 people (27 women and 317 men), from different organizations of

WASH sector have been trained in:

• Introduction of ArcGIS

• Social organization

• Groundwater investigation using geophysical methods

• Water quality/27 bacteriological chemical and physical parameters

• Hydrogeology

• Mainstreaming cross-cutting issues on WASH programme

• Household Water Treatment and Storage (HWTS) and Water Safety Plan (WSP)

Management Information System (MIS), Geographical Information System (GIS), training on mapping of water points

Project Name


Committed Fund (US$)

Available Funds for 2014(US$)





Nimroz Project

Govt of Afghanistan











Hydrology research and capacity plan




Where we want to be in 2014

The national Ru-WatSIP aims to achieve access to safe drinking water supply to 50% of the population. This requires creation of 32,000 new water points and rehabilitation of 16,000 dysfunctional water points and creation 3,600 schools with new water points and 1,100 hand-pumps on existing wells in 1.100 schools resulting to cover 80% of schools with safe drinking water. In relation of safe sanitation access for 50% of the population, this requires creating 19,425 villages Open Defecation Free (ODF) and fully sanitized by creating 520,000 new household toilets and rehabilitation of 700,000 traditional household toilets into safe ones, and rehabilitating 3,500 old toilets in schools and creating 23,000 new ones in schools which will provide safe sanitation in 80% of schools.

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