Rural Water Supply, Sanitation & Irrigation Programme (Ru-WatSIP)

National Rural Water Supply, Sanitation and Irrigation Programme (Ru-WatSIP)

Eng.Qadir Executive Director



  A message from Executive Director

Access to safe water and sanitation is a basic human right. The national Ru-WatSIP’s vision is rooted in the belief that access to safe drinking water and sanitation for the households and communities of rural Afghanistan will help alleviate poverty through improved health, productivity and income generation activities.

“Unless the current state of accessibility to safe drinking water and appropriate sanitation facilities is significantly improved in rural Afghanistan, the disenfranchised, the weak, the elderly and the infants of this country will never be safe.”

Eng. Ghulam Qader  Executive Director




About Ru-WatSIP

National Rural Water Supply, Sanitation and Irrigation Programme (Ru-WatSIP)


The national Rural Water Supply, Sanitation and Irrigation Programme (Ru-WatSIP) is one of the six closely interlinked National Development Programmes of Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD) in Afghanistan. In line with Afghanistan National Rural Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) policy, the responsibilities of this programme includes policy and strategy formulation, planning, coordination of rural water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion activities represented and implemented by private sectors, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and rural communities namely Community Development Councils (CDCs).


Improvement in the quality of life of people through their improved access to safe and sustainable water and sanitation services and increased adoption of hygienic practices at the personal, household and community level, resulting in (i) reduced morbidity and mortality rates (particularly children under five) (ii) enhanced productivity and well being of the people.

Main activities of Ru-WatSIP:

·          Improve access of the rural population to 25 liters per capita per day (LPCD) 27% to 50% in 2014, and 70% to 100% in 2016 and 2019 respectively and improve potable quality of drinking water as per World Health Organization (WHO) standards.

·          Declaring 12,000 rural villages/settlements (ODF  by 2019 by empowering communities to:

Ø  Improve existing traditional latrines to become safe, hygienic and ensure user privacy;

Ø  Make new latrines as models of safe sanitation in households, schools and clinics;

Ø  Undertake the safe disposal of solid and liquid wastes.

·          Provide hygiene education with appropriate follow-up activities in households and communities for sustained behavior change and adoption of safe hygiene practices.
In addition to this, Ru-WatSIP provides capacity building trainings for rural communities on service delivery, Operation and Maintenance (O&M),Water Safety Plan (WSP) and sustainable use of water supply and sanitation facilities across the country. The Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) is an option which leads to mobilization and behavioral changes throughout the community. It also resulted in bringing down the Open Defecation (OD) almost to zero in the targeted communities declared as ODF.
As for as the emergency and humanitarian WASH is concerned, Ru-WatSIP as Co-lead for WASH cluster, has been providing WASH facilities with subsidy through mobile water trucks considered only for life saving or to preventing displacement and diseases outbreaks after documented and verified by WASH cluster.

·          Community based O&M of water supply projects

·          Implementation of sanitation and hygiene promotion projects

·          Capacity building trainings to relevant agencies in hygiene and sanitation

·          Development of training and Information Education Communication (IEC) materials in coordination with Ministry of Public Health (MoPH)

·          Maintaining coordination with stakeholders

·          Facilitate emergency response approach during natural or man-made disasters

·          Policy making for rural water, hygiene and sanitation

·          As part of the monitoring system, monitor and evaluate of sector projects

·          Management and Information System (MIS) assets information

·          Water quality testing of sources in coordination with MoPH

·          Water safety plans for rural communities

·          Small scale irrigation to feed ground water sources and create employment

·          Standardization of the technology option and design for WASH

·          Chairing regular monthly coordination meetings for rural Water and Sanitation Group (WSG)

·          Leading the regional and global partnerships South Asian Conference on Sanitation and Sanitation and Water for All (SACOSAN & SWA)

Construction of water points/sources:

·          More than 26,254 water wells fitted with hand pumps - 468 pipe schemes for water networks (benefitting 4,595,994people).

·          Survey and design of water supply schemes from simple bore wells up to complex pipe scheme projects

Sanitation facilities and hygiene education:

·          Around 29,086 latrines have been constructed which are benefitting 595,312 people and children

·          Hygiene education covered over 1.5 million people


·          ODF certified 610 communities  which are benefiting 250,684 people

·          Newly and improved latrine 58,031 benefiting 407,540 people

Where we are

·          58% of rural communities have access to improved water supply but access to improved sanitation is only 13%

Where we want to be in 2019

·          Provision of safe drinking water for 75% rural population of the country complying with the national drinking water quality standards. This requires creation of 26,000 new water points including gravity-fed, solar powered water supply systems and tube wells provided with hand-pumps. 

·          Declaring 12000 rural villages/settlements (ODF). This can be done through construction of new household latrines and rehabilitation and improvement of existing traditional latrines

Financial Information:

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