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The National Emergency Employment Program (NEEP) was launched in 2002, aiming to increase access to rural infrastructure for local communities and to provide employment opportunities for rural labors. As a result of a joint assessment of NEEP conducted by the World Bank, ILO and the government of Afghanistan in early 2005, the program was reviewed and restructured to make a smooth transition to more development-centred assistance in Afghanistan. To mark the beginning of a new phase, NEEP was renamed the “National Rural Access Program NRAP)” with a more strategic focus on the provision of a rural road access network that will connect households and communities to essential services and markets.
NRAP supports enhanced livelihoods by ensuring all rural communities are serviced with access to basic facilities, services, and goods and helps individuals and households, to manage risks through the provision of targeted employment. The Programme provides the development of quality rural access infrastructure and a mechanism whereby temporary employment will provide a safety net for vulnerable rural people.
The key objectives of the NRAP are to establish a quality rural road network that connects all villages to basic rural infrastructures and services, such as markets, healthcare and schools, increasing employment opportunities through using labor intensive methods and a private sector-led approach for all works and to Enhance the capacity of communities and the private sector to manage, deliver and maintain public transportation facilities through on-the-job capacity development
The objectives of NRAP include:
UNOPS also provides technical support in developing standards and norms for rural roads, surfacing options and maintenance. In addition, UNOPS supports capacity development of the ministries in procurement, contracting, financial management and monitoring.
The proposed IDA grant of US$ 112 million will be implemented over three years. The project will co-fund the government’s National Rural Access Program (NRAP) and will continue the WB support to this very important priority program. The expected project presentation to the WB board is November 2007. The proposed NERAP will include the following three components:
For more details click here : www.nrap.gov.af