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The National Solidarity Programme (NSP) was created by the Government of Afghanistan to develop the ability of Afghan communities to identify, plan, manage and monitor their own development projects. Through the promotion of good local governance, NSP works to empower rural communities to make decisions affecting their own lives and livelihoods.
The programme is the primary vehicle used to promote rural development in Afghanistan. Empowered rural communities collectively contribute to increased human security. NSP lays the foundation for a sustainable form of inclusive local governance, rural reconstruction, and poverty alleviation.
NSP supports local governance and poverty alleviation by:
Establishing a national network of community development councils that empower communities to make decisions;
Funding priority subprojects that improve access to infrastructure, markets, and services;
Strengthening community capacities through participatory processes and training; and
Promoting accountability and wise use of public and private resources.
The flexible and responsive design of NSP has allowed it to be a main conduit of central government poverty reduction and reconstruction policies, permitting local people to actively participate in local administration through the formation of Community Development Councils (CDCs). NSP builds capacity at the community level to enhance the competence of CDC male and female members in terms of financial management, procurement, technical skills, transparency, literacy, and livelihoods training.
Through CDCs, the people of Afghanistan are building on shared vision and values, and on democratically-decided priorities to create a healthy and sustainable nation.
For more information please visit here: www.nspafghanistan.org
National Area-Based Development Programme (NABDP) commenced as a joint initiative of the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in 2002, with the goal of contributing to a sustainable reduction of poverty and an improvement of livelihoods in rural Afghanistan. NABDP Phase-II (originally 2006-2008) focused on support to District Development Assembly (DDA) institutionalization, poverty reduction, and institutional capacity development, whilst linking with Interim Afghanistan National Development Strategy (I-ANDS) and Agricultural Rural Development Sector Strategy (ARDSS) frameworks.
The NABDP Phase-III is a five-year commitment supported by UNDP for MRRD to take the next step in the continuum of national programme development that started with Phase I as a priority recovery and economic regeneration programme in a complex emergency context. NABDP Phase-III will subscribe to its area-based implementation approach with a dual focus on: productive infrastructure that will serve to link rural communities as part of the Government’s broader agricultural and rural development strategy; and ii) continuing its vital work on strengthening and linking District Development Assemblies (DDAs) as another novel manifestation of an area based approach, namely as a conduit for social and economic development planning.
The long-term vision of the agriculture and rural development sector is to ensure the social and economic wellbeing of rural communities, especially the poor and vulnerable. Hence NABDP Phase-III will shift away from the direct construction of schools, clinics, primary roads and WATSIP activities and focus on its own comparative advantage (summarized in Section 2.3 and detailed in the Technical Annexes in Annex 3), whilst ensuring synergies between all MRRD programmes especially the Afghanistan Rural Enterprise Development Programme (AREDP).The NABDP Phase-III strategy is based on the third pillar of ANDS, ‘social and economic development’, and addresses the following main thematic areas:
The capacity development of District Development Assembles (DDAs) is an essential element of area-based development, which requires strong links between villages and incorporation into provincial development planning processes. While moving towards establishing DDAs in all districts, it is envisaged that DDAs will become the hub for community-based profiling, gathering the appropriate information of activities in their respective areas.
Along with support from other sectoral initiatives, these will enable DDAs to play a catalytic development facilitation role at the centre of this process at the district level, promoting the Comprehensive Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) approach with critical engagement of the private sector and links to stabilization and governance programmes and initiatives. The DDA is envisaged as playing a core role in establishing linkages vertically and horizontally to governance and stabilization programmes, thereby offering a multiplier effect for donor funding. It is further envisaged that the DDA would become the hub for community-based profiling, gathering the appropriate information of activities in their respective areas.
In order to increase and diversify livelihood and income generation opportunities, NABDP focuses on constructing and rehabilitating physical infrastructure linked to agricultural productivity and rural economic development. Completed projects are in 14 diverse sectors, including transportation, irrigation, water supply, health and education facilities, and food storage. These activities also provide strategic opportunities to collaborate with other Ministries, particularly MAIL and MoEW.
With the goal of improving the capacity of communities to manage productive natural resources to support poverty reduction and dispute resolution, and to reduce vulnerability to natural disasters, this thematic area has been newly integrated into NABDP. Given the dependence of rural populations on natural resources, the three interrelated dimensions of economic livelihoods, environmental protection, and security and stability will further contribute to sustainable development and poverty reduction.
In order to tap into Afghanistan’s significant energy potential and provide rural populations with power and alternative fuel sources, rural energy technologies are piloted and implemented across the country through NABDP. The long-term success of these projects is ensured through community participation, as well as partnerships with the private sector.
In order to meet the dual objectives of improved rural livelihoods and reduced poverty through economic regeneration and increased production and productivity throughout the rural economy, NABDP has newly added this thematic area to its strategy. By strengthening rural enterprises and opportunities for rural populations to generate licit livelihoods, as well as supporting commercialized rural production and services that contribute to national economy interventions will contribute area-based rural development.
The NABDP phase III, which has a value of USD 294 million, will be executed fully under the leadership of MRRD supported by UNDP under the National Implementation Modality (NIM) within a five year timeframe of July 2009-June 2014.
Cross-cutting Gender issues
NABDP aims at achieving equitable participation in selecting district representatives and ensuring an equitable voice in development planning, decision-making and project implementation, and gender equity in access to information and training.
For more information: - www.mrrd-nabdp.org
The National Emergency Employment Program (NEEP) was launched in 2002, aiming to increase access to rural infrastructure for local communities and to provide employment opportunities for rural labors. As a result of a joint assessment of NEEP conducted by the World Bank, ILO and the government of Afghanistan in early 2005, the program was reviewed and restructured to make a smooth transition to more development-centred assistance in Afghanistan. To mark the beginning of a new phase, NEEP was renamed the “National Rural Access Program NRAP)” with a more strategic focus on the provision of a rural road access network that will connect households and communities to essential services and markets.
NRAP supports enhanced livelihoods by ensuring all rural communities are serviced with access to basic facilities, services, and goods and helps individuals and households, to manage risks through the provision of targeted employment. The Programme provides the development of quality rural access infrastructure and a mechanism whereby temporary employment will provide a safety net for vulnerable rural people.
The objectives of NRAP include:
UNOPS also provides technical support in developing standards and norms for rural roads, surfacing options and maintenance. In addition, UNOPS supports capacity development of the ministries in procurement, contracting, financial management and monitoring.
The proposed IDA grant of US$ 112 million will be implemented over three years. The project will co-fund the government’s National Rural Access Program (NRAP) and will continue the WB support to this very important priority program. The expected project presentation to the WB board is November 2007. The proposed NERAP will include the following three components:
The major activities planned for 2007 (1386) include:
MRRD has set the goal to provide over 15 million rural people with basic services for water supply (25 litres of safe water per day per person) and sanitation facilities over the next 5 years. To achieve this target, MRRD aims to construct at least 100,000 water points across the country through the Rural Water Supply, Sanitation & Irrigation Program (Ru-WatSIP) projects executed by the MRRD Water and Sanitation Department. Furthermore, 2.5 million households will be educated on water, sanitation and hygiene issues to raise awareness of the importance of safe drinking water and prevention of waterborne diseases.
Access to safe water and sanitation is a basic human right. The provision of safe drinking water and hygienic sanitation to households and communities enhances health by reducing death and disease through waterborne diseases, allowing individuals to fully participate and strengthen their livelihood strategies.
The objectives of Ru-WatSIP include:
As the lead ministry, MRRD is responsible to ensure that the policies and plans determined under the 5-year national policy framework for the water sector are implemented in a timely manner. MRRD takes an overall facilitation and coordination role, including policy, planning and development, resource mobilization and allocation, monitoring and evaluation, and information management. Close collaboration is established with other line ministries such as the Ministries of Health, Women’s Affairs, Education and Haj to maximise accelerated coverage, cost-effectiveness and efficiency in delivery of water and sanitation services.
The Water & Sanitation Department of MRRD implements Ru-WatSIP projects. In general, construction of water or sanitation facilities is packaged with community mobilization, health and hygiene education, and repair and maintenance training to maximise health benefits and ensure sustainability. The programme uses local technology and methods. Direct service delivery is outsourced to facilitating partners – NGOs and private sector - who will assist the communities in implementation. MRRD plays a regulatory and facilitating role, supervising and monitoring contractors’ quality of works. MRRD also supports developing and strengthening a strong private sector and NGOs that can serve rural areas through providing water engineer and maintenance training.
“The state shall formulate and implement effective programs for development of industries, growth of production, raising living standards, and support to craftsmanship.”
(The Constitution of Afghanistan, Chapter 1, Article XIII)
Afghanistan Rural Enterprise Development Program (AREDP) is one of the 6 national programs of the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD). It is the ministry’s lead employment creation and income generation initiative that aims to build on top of previous successful initiatives in promoting local governance and building rural infrastructure.
AREDP Program Development Objective (PDO): increased income and sustainable employment opportunities for men and women through supporting rural enterprises.
AREDP progress to date:
For more information see:
The Comprehensive Agriculture and Rural Development - Facility (CARD-F) is a joint entity established under the auspices of the Agriculture & Rural Development (ARD) Cluster Ministries. It is administered by the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL), the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD); the Ministry of Counter Narcotics (MCN) and the Ministry of Finance (MoF). This facility is managed by Inter-Ministerial Committee (IMC) chaired by the MCN and CARD-F is led by an Executive Director who reports to the IMC.
CARD-F Seeks to:
• Increase legal rural employment and income opportunities through more efficient markets;
• Reduce the risk of resurgence in poppy cultivation by creating commercially viable and sustainable alternatives for farmers;
• Coordinate and integrate Government and donor support to agriculture and rural development;
• Improve government capacity to deliver provincial and district-level programs
CARD-F seeks to build prosperous rural and pastoral communities. Its aim also reflects the objectives of the ARD cluster of the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GoIRA). CARD-F will achieve this by developing Economic Development Packages (EDPs). These involve interventions to improve the performance and sustainability of agricultural value chains through investments in rural infrastructure, rural markets and on-farm and off-farm production.
• Identify, expedite, coordinate and monitor the deployment of ARD Cluster ministries’ technical expertise so that EDPs can be implemented.
• Develop CARD-F’s leadership, management, technical and operational capability so that it becomes a recognized centre of excellence within Afghanistan
• Contribute to Government policy on agriculture, infrastructure and market development.
• Improve the quality of development interventions for rural development.
please for further information and details visit the following website: www.cardf.gov.af