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National Solidarity Program (NSP):
The National Solidarity Program (NSP) is the flagship program of the Government of Afghanistan. Since its inception in 2003, NSP has established 22,500 Community Development Councils across 361 districts in all of Afghanistan’s 34 provinces and has financed over 50,000 projects involving water and sanitation, rural roads, electrification, irrigation, and human capital development.
In recognition of the importance of understanding how this path-breaking program affects Afghan communities, in 2007 the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD) and the World Bank commissioned researchers from Harvard University to undertake an independent impact evaluation of NSP using state-of-the-art methodologies. Working in cooperation with the Vulnerability Analysis Unit (VAU), the evaluation team recently completed the first follow-up survey for the evaluation, covering communities in the provinces of Balkh, Baghlan, Daikundy, Ghur, Herat, and Nangarhar that were previously surveyed in the baseline survey between August and September 2007 and a first follow-up survey between May and October 2009.
Based on the Memorandum of Understanding between the Impact Evaluation Team and the Vulnerability Analysis Unit (VAU) in the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD) which has clarified the role of each party and the reporting chain, and thus to facilitate the efficient and accurate collection and dissemination of data during and after the second follow-up survey.
The VAU is responsible to support the Evaluation Team in conduction of NSP Impact Evaluations in all aspects of evaluation essentially, to manage the data collection and data processing activities.
The Prospective Evaluation of Phase-II of the National Solidarity Programme (NSP) seeks to rigorously measure the economic, political, and social impacts of the NSP program on participating communities such as; local governance structures, access to services and infrastructure, economic activity, female participation in community activities, political opinion, and social cohesion. A report summarizing the evaluation results will be delivered to the Government of Afghanistan, donor agencies, and implementing NGOs after completion of second follow-up survey which is going to be done at the early year 2012.
Click on the link below to know more about NSP impact evaluations;
National Rural Access Program (NRAP):
The National Emergency Employment Program (NEEP) was launched in 2002, aiming to increase access to rural infrastructure for local communities and to provide employment opportunities for rural labors. As a result of a joint assessment of NEEP conducted by the World Bank, ILO and the government of Afghanistan in early 2005, the program was reviewed and restructured to make a smooth transition to more development-centered assistance in Afghanistan. To mark the beginning of a new phase, NEEP was renamed as the “National Rural Access Program (NRAP)” with a more strategic focus on the provision of a rural road access network that will connect households and communities to essential services and markets.
The World Bank, is the most significant donor of the National Rural Access Program, the current WB funded project of National Emergency Rural Access Project (NEHAP) is the solid testimonial. The base line survey for the assessment and evaluation of social-economic impact of the project has been conducted, and the report has been compiled which was disseminated during two days workshop to the governmental "representatives, parliament members, donors and in charges of the program for accuracy evaluation. Principally, the survey has been conducted based on face to face interview with 13,000 inhabitants of 227 villages near by identified roads throughout 120 districts of 22 province of the country. The conclusive consequence of this base line survey indicates that the rural residents of the country, currently confronted with adequate sophistication; absence of the suitable access for daily movement, in access to educational and health centers; ample issues concerning transportation of agricultural products to nearby markets, likewise, dozen of challenges caused economical weakness of the areas via the implementation the identified road under NERAP, expectedly, will partially eliminated the tribulations and the construction of these roads will extensively contribute in the promotion and growth of local economy.
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The Food Security Monitoring Update provides an overview of the food security situation in Afghanistan in six regions annually and gives an outlook for the four season of each year. It is based on food security monitoring reports, updates from WFP’s regional and country-based Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping (VAM) units with cooperation of Vulnerability Analysis Unit (VAU) of MRRD and a review of secondary information.
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The National Risk and Vulnerability Assessment (NRVA) 2007/08 provides information on; Population Structure and Change, Labour Force Characteristics, The Agriculture Sector, Poverty Incidence and Poverty Profiling, Education, Health, Housing, Position of Women and Household Shocks and Community Preferences in Afghanistan.
Click the link below to see the complete report;
The Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU) produce approximately 30 publications per year. These publications include information on socioeconomic, gender, poverty reduction, equal rights, etc on country level.
Click the link below to go the publication section of AREU;
NATIONAL CENTER FOR POLICY RESEARCH (NCPR):
The National Centre for Policy Research (NCPR) was established by Konrad Adenauer Foundation of Germany and MoHE on the campus of Kabul University in May 2003 to serve as a research and training facility in the fields of Law & Political Science, Economics, and Social Sciences. Bringing together Afghan expertise and international experience, the NCPR provides a forum for discussion of and research into policy-related subjects in these fields.
Through its research, the NCPR aims to provide policy advice on current and general issues,
as well as establishing a sound basis for academic advancement and research in universities throughout Afghanistan. The NCPR has four departments that presently concentrate on some of the crucial issues related to the current transition of Afghanistan and the changes that are taking place in society, the political and economic systems.
Click the link below to see NCPR publications;